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Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2019 Feb;14(1):135-147.

NON-OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF INDIVIDUALS WITH NON-ARTHRITIC HIP PAIN: A LITERATURE REVIEW.

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1
Rangos School of Health Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

Background:

Non-arthritic hip pain is defined as being related to pathologies of the intra-articular structures of the hip that can be symptomatic. A trial of non-operative management is commonly recommended before consideration of surgery for individuals with non-arthritic hip conditions. There is a need to describe a non-operative or conservative treatment plan for individuals with non-arthritic hip pain.

Purpose:

The purpose of this literature review was to systematically examine the literature in order to identify and provide evidence for non-operative or conservative management of individuals with non-arthritic hip pain. A proposed home exercise program will be provided for individuals with non-arthritic hip pain.

Study Design:

Review of the Literature.

Materials/Methods:

A literature search of PubMed, Medline, SPORTSDiscus, and CINAHL was conducted. Keywords included: "hip" AND "femoroacetabular impingement" OR "labral tear." Studies were included if they described non-operative management for individuals with non-arthritic hip pain. Studies were excluded if they recommended a trial of conservative treatment without specific management or interventions and/or activity modification without specific details for intervention.

Results:

A total of 49 studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Rehabilitation recommendations were identified from manuscripts including clinical trials, case series, discussion articles, or systematic reviews related to the non-operative or conservative management of non-arthritic hip pain. Rehabilitation interventions focused on patient education, activity modification, limitation of aggravating factors, an individualized physical therapy protocol, and use of a home exercise program.

Conclusions:

Rehabilitation should address biomechanical deficiencies with neuromuscular training of the hip and lumbopelvic regions. While the current literature on non-operative management is limited, future randomized control trials will establish the effectiveness of specific physical therapy protocols for individuals with non-arthritic hip pain.

Level of Evidence:

3b.

KEYWORDS:

FAI; acetabular labral tears; dysplasia; movement system; structural instability

PMID:
30746300
PMCID:
PMC6350663

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