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Int J Med Sci. 2019 Jan 1;16(2):264-275. doi: 10.7150/ijms.28580. eCollection 2019.

Platelet Reactivity And Circulating Platelet-Derived Microvesicles Are Differently Affected By P2Y12 Receptor Antagonists.

Author information

1
Second Department of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.
2
Małopolska Center of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland.
3
Students' Scientific Group at the Second Department of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.
4
Department of Medical Physics, Institute of Physics, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland.

Abstract

Background: Platelet-derived microvesicles (PMVs), shed from platelet surface membranes, constitute the majority of circulating microvesicles and have been implicated in procoagulant, pro-inflammatory and pro-atherosclerotic effects. Our aim was to compare plasma PMVs numbers in relation to platelet reactivity during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with various P2Y12 adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonists. Methods: In pre-discharge men treated with DAPT for an acute coronary syndrome, plasma PMVs were quantified by flow cytometry on the basis of CD62P (P-selectin) and CD42 (glycoprotein Ib) positivity, putative indices of PMVs release from activated and all platelets, respectively. ADP-induced platelet aggregation was measured by multiple-electrode aggregometry. Results: Clinical characteristics were similar in patients on clopidogrel (n=16), prasugrel (n=10) and ticagrelor (n=12). Platelet reactivity was comparably reduced on ticagrelor or prasugrel versus clopidogrel (p<0.01). Compared to clopidogrel-treated patients, CD42+/CD62P+ PMVs counts were 3-4-fold lower in subjects receiving ticagrelor (p=0.001) or prasugrel (p<0.05), while CD42+ PMVs were significantly reduced on ticagrelor (by about 6-fold, p<0.001), but not prasugrel (p=0.3). CD42+/CD62P+ PMVs numbers correlated positively to the ADP-induced aggregation on clopidogrel (p<0.01) or prasugrel (p<0.05), which was absent in ticagrelor users (p=0.8). CD42+ PMVs counts were unrelated to platelet reactivity (p>0.5). Conclusions: Higher antiplatelet potency of prasugrel and ticagrelor versus clopidogrel is associated with decreased plasma CD42+/CD62P+ PMVs numbers. However, in contrast to thienopyridines, the association of reduced CD42+/CD62P+ PMVs counts with ticagrelor use appears independent of its anti-aggregatory effect. Despite similar platelet-inhibitory activity of ticagrelor and prasugrel, only the treatment with ticagrelor seems associated with lower total PMVs release. Our preliminary findings may suggest a novel pleiotropic effect of ticagrelor extending beyond pure anti-aggregatory properties of the drug.

KEYWORDS:

P2Y12 antagonists; dual antiplatelet therapy; microvesicles; platelets; ticagrelor

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interest exists.

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