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Vet Res. 2019 Feb 11;50(1):12. doi: 10.1186/s13567-019-0631-5.

Development of a recombinant Newcastle disease virus-vectored vaccine for infectious bronchitis virus variant strains circulating in Egypt.

Author information

1
Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
2
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
3
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.
4
Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA. ssamal@umd.edu.

Abstract

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) causes a major disease problem for the poultry industry worldwide. The currently used live-attenuated vaccines have the tendency to mutate and/or recombine with circulating field strains resulting in the emergence of vaccine-derived variant viruses. In order to circumvent these issues, and to develop a vaccine that is more relevant to Egypt and its neighboring countries, a recombinant avirulent Newcastle disease virus (rNDV) strain LaSota was constructed to express the codon-optimized S glycoprotein of the Egyptian IBV variant strain IBV/Ck/EG/CU/4/2014 belonging to GI-23 lineage, that is prevalent in Egypt and in the Middle East. A wild type and two modified versions of the IBV S protein were expressed individually by rNDV. A high level of S protein expression was detected in vitro by Western blot and immunofluorescence analyses. All rNDV-vectored IBV vaccine candidates were genetically stable, slightly attenuated and showed growth patterns comparable to that of parental rLaSota virus. Single-dose vaccination of 1-day-old SPF White Leghorn chicks with the rNDVs expressing IBV S protein provided significant protection against clinical disease after IBV challenge but did not show reduction in tracheal viral shedding. Single-dose vaccination also provided complete protection against virulent NDV challenge. However, prime-boost vaccination using rNDV expressing the wild type IBV S protein provided better protection, after IBV challenge, against clinical signs and significantly reduced tracheal viral shedding. These results indicate that the NDV-vectored IBV vaccines are promising bivalent vaccine candidates to control both infectious bronchitis and Newcastle disease in Egypt.

PMID:
30744668
PMCID:
PMC6371441
DOI:
10.1186/s13567-019-0631-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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