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J Transl Med. 2019 Feb 11;17(1):42. doi: 10.1186/s12967-019-1793-7.

How stakeholder engagement influenced a randomized comparative effectiveness trial testing two Diabetes Prevention Program interventions in a Marshallese Pacific Islander Community.

Author information

1
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Northwest Campus, 1125 North College Ave, Fayetteville, AR, 72703, USA. pamcelfish@uams.edu.
2
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Northwest Campus, 1125 North College Ave, Fayetteville, AR, 72703, USA.
3
Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St., AMHC5-463, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.
4
University of Hawaii at Manoa, 677 Ala Moana Blvd. 1016, Honolulu, HI, 96813, USA.
5
Springdale School District, Springdale, AR, USA.
6
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham St., Little Rock, AR, 72205, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Marshallese face significant health disparities, with particularly high rates of type 2 diabetes. Engaging stakeholders in the research process is essential to reduce health inequities.

METHODS:

A community- and patient-engaged research approach was used to involve community Marshallese stakeholders in a randomized comparative effectiveness trial testing two Diabetes Prevention Program interventions.

RESULTS:

The article outlines the engagement process and the specific influence that stakeholders had on the research planning and implementation, discussing the areas of agreement and disagreement between community and patient stakeholders and academic investigators and documenting changes to the research protocol.

CONCLUSION:

The article provides an example of methods that can be used to design and conduct a randomized controlled trial testing with a population who has been underrepresented in research and suffered significant historical trauma.

KEYWORDS:

CBPR; Diabetes Prevention Program; Marshallese; PCOR; Pacific Islander; RCT; Type 2 diabetes

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