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BMC Microbiol. 2019 Feb 11;19(1):37. doi: 10.1186/s12866-019-1407-9.

Biological characterization of Pasteurella multocida present in the Saiga population.

Author information

1
Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems, Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Kazakhstan - Science Committee, 080409, Gvardeiskiy, Kordaiskiy rayon, Zhambylskaya oblast, Republic of Kazakhstan. omb65@mail.ru.
2
Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems, Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Kazakhstan - Science Committee, 080409, Gvardeiskiy, Kordaiskiy rayon, Zhambylskaya oblast, Republic of Kazakhstan.
3
Kazakh National Agrarian University, 050010, Almaty, Abai Avenue 8, Republic of Kazakhstan.
4
Kazakh Scientific Research Veterinary Institute, 050016, Almaty, Raymbek Avenue 223, Republic of Kazakhstan.
5
Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
6
Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield, Herts, AL9 7TA, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study provides biochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of P. multocida isolated from dead saigas in 1988, 2010-2015 on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

RESULTS:

Bacteriological samples taken from carcasses of saiga antelope during mortality events recorded in West Kazakhstan in both 2010 and 2011 and in Kostanay in 2012 and 2015 confirmed the presence of P. multocida, according to morphological and biochemical characterisation. Only in the event of 2015 was the agent proven to be the causative agent of the disease observed, haemorrhagic septicaemia. In the other mortality events it is not certain if the organism was a primary aetiology or an incidental finding as confirmatory pathological investigation was not undertaken. The implemented phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal RNA 16S gene allowed us to identify Pasteurella strains isolated in 2010-2015 as P. multocida subspecies multocida. Capsular typing by PCR showed that the studied strains isolated from dead saiga in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2015 belonged to serotype B. MLST analysis showed that these strains of P. multocida are of the capsule type B and form one clonal grouping with isolates ST64, ST44, ST45, ST46, ST44, ST47 which isolated from cases of hemorrhagic septicemia of animals in Hungary, Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Spain. Sixteen virulence genes of the five strains of P. multocida, isolated from saigas were studied using multiplex PCR. ptfA, ompA, ompH, oma87, plpB, fimA, hsf-2, pfhA, exbB, tonB, hgbA, fur, nanB, nanH and pmHAS genes were detected in all strains. The toxA gene was not identified in the studied strains. The phylogenies of these isolates is compared across saiga populations and years and the 2015 isolate was compared to that of an isolate from a disease outbreak in 1988 and the findings suggest that these isolated bacteria are stable commensals, opportunistically pathogenic, being phylogenetically uniform with very little genetic variation notable over the last 4 decades.

CONCLUSION:

Isolation, phenotypic and genetic characterization of the P. multocida isolates inform understanding of the epidemiology of infection in saigas and predict virulent potential of these opportunistic bacteria.

KEYWORDS:

16S rRNA gene; MLST; Mass mortality events; Pasteurella multocida; Saiga antelope; Virulence gene

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