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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2019 Feb 1;542:177-186. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2019.02.001. [Epub ahead of print]

Phosphotungstic acid immobilized nanofibers-Nafion composite membrane with low vanadium permeability and high selectivity for vanadium redox flow battery.

Author information

1
MIIT Key Laboratory of Critical Materials Technology for New Energy Conversion and Storage, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, No. 92 West-Da Zhi Street, Harbin 150001, China.
2
MIIT Key Laboratory of Critical Materials Technology for New Energy Conversion and Storage, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, No. 92 West-Da Zhi Street, Harbin 150001, China. Electronic address: menglinh@hit.edu.cn.
3
MIIT Key Laboratory of Critical Materials Technology for New Energy Conversion and Storage, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, No. 92 West-Da Zhi Street, Harbin 150001, China. Electronic address: wangzhb@hit.edu.cn.

Abstract

A novel composite vanadium-blocking proton exchange membrane for vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) was designed and constructed by immobilizing phosphotungstic acid (PWA) on Nano Kevlar Fibers (NKFs) via a solution-casting method. The proton/vanadium selectivity of the composite membrane is greatly improved by incorporating the complex formed by NKFs and PWA into the Nafion matrix. Simple tuning of the complex doping quantity results in different composite membranes with superior vanadium barrier properties (namely, a minimum vanadium permeability of 2.46 × 10-7 cm2 min-1). This coupled with proton conductivities reaching 0.061 S cm-1 at room temperature indicates a proton/vanadium selectivity of 2.48 × 105 S min cm-3, which is 6.3 times higher than that of recast Nafion (0.34 × 105 S min cm-3). When tested in a VRB, the performance of the single cell assembled with the composite membrane greatly outperforms that with recast Nafion at current densities ranging from 40 to 100 mA cm-2.

KEYWORDS:

Low vanadium permeability; Nano Kevlar fibers; Phosphotungstic acid; Proton exchange membrane; Vanadium redox flow battery

PMID:
30738310
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcis.2019.02.001

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