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Eur J Med Res. 2019 Feb 8;24(1):9. doi: 10.1186/s40001-019-0369-6.

The assessment of the kinematics of the rescuer in continuous chest compression during a 10-min simulation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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Wydział Zdrowia Publicznego w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Katowice, Poland.
Department of Propaedeutics Surgery, Chair of General, Colorectal and Polytrauma Surgery, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Bytom, ul. Żeromskiego 7, 41-902, Katowice, Poland.
Wydział Inżynierii Biomedycznej w Zabrzu, Politechnika Śląska w Gliwicach, Katowice, Poland.
Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Lekarsko-Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Katowice, Poland.



In pursuit of improvement in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), new technologies for the measurement and assessment of CPR quality are implemented. In our study, we assessed the kinematics of the rescuer during continuous chest compression (CCC-CPR). The proper performance of the procedure is a survival predictor for patients with cardiac arrest (CA). The purpose of the study was a prospective assessment of the kinematics of the rescuer's body with consideration given to the depth and rate of chest compression (CC) as the indicator of properly performed CC maneuver by professional and non-professional rescuers during a simulation of a 10-min CCC using a manikin.


Forty participants were enrolled in the study. CCC-CPR was performed in accordance with the 2015 AHA guidelines on a manikin positioned on the floor. Kinematic data on the movement were obtained from the measuring system (X-sens MVN Biomech) transmitting information from 17 inertial sensors. Measurement data were imported to the author's program RKO-Kinemat written in the Matlab and C # environments. Two groups of results were distinguished: Group I-results of CC with the depth of ≥ 40 mm and Group 2-CC results with the depth of < 40 mm.


The multiple regression model demonstrated that the path length, left knee flexion angle, and left elbow flexion angle were the essential elements of the rescuer's kinematics that facilitated achieving and maintaining the normal depth of CC.


We believe that raising the rescuer's hips by moving the center of the rescuer's body over the point of sternal compression increases the value of the CC force vector, thereby increasing the depth of CC. In addition, we observed that, during an effective CC, the rescuer was unable to maintain arms straight and, in consequence, a slight elbow flexion was observed. It, however, did not influence the quality of the maneuver.


Cardiac arrest; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Kinematics

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