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J Pak Med Assoc. 2019 Feb;69(Suppl 1)(1):S51-S57.

Affecting the Global Burden of Surgical Disease: Incorporating Surgical Training into International Missions: A Systematic Review.

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Department of Surgery, Medical City Arlington, Arlington, Texas, USA.


The global burden of surgical disease is immense. Increasingly in the past several decades, international humanitarian medical missions have become more popular as a method of managing the sheer volume of patients requiring medical care worldwide. Medical education programmes have also had an increase in interest amongst medical students and surgical residents to participate in missions during training. The current review was planned to present the current body of literature on international experiences in residency training programmes. It comprised relevant literatur obtained from Medline (ubMed) using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A total of 15 publications were reviewed with each falling into one of the threeidentified categories:programme design (goals/objectives), ethics, and post-experience analysis. The benefits of providing international missions opportunities for surgical trainees cannot be understated.


Global surgery, Surgical training, International missions, International electives


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