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J Clin Med. 2019 Feb 7;8(2). pii: E204. doi: 10.3390/jcm8020204.

Differential Efficacy of Neurofeedback in Children with ADHD Presentations.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo s/n, 33003 Oviedo (Asturias), Spain. cuelimarisol@uniovi.es.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo s/n, 33003 Oviedo (Asturias), Spain. rodriguezcelestino@uniovi.es.
3
Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo s/n, 33003 Oviedo (Asturias), Spain. cabaleiro@uniovi.es.
4
Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo s/n, 33003 Oviedo (Asturias), Spain. garciatrinidad@uniovi.es.
5
Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo s/n, 33003 Oviedo (Asturias), Spain. mgcastro@uniovi.es.

Abstract

Training in neurofeedback (NF) reduces the symptomatology associated with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, ADHD differs in terms of the type of presentation, i.e., inattentive (ADHD-I), impulsive/hyperactive (ADHD-HI), or combined (ADHD-C). This study examines the efficacy of NF in ADHD presentations. Participants were 64 students (8⁻12 years old). Cortical activation, executive control, and observed symptomatology by parents were assessed. Results indicated that ADHD-C and ADHD-HI demonstrated greater improvements than ADHD-I. It was concluded that this kind of training produces an improvement and that it is necessary to explore it further in terms of the protocol used.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; cortical activation; intervention.; neurofeedback; presentations

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results.

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