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Semin Dial. 2019 Feb 8. doi: 10.1111/sdi.12774. [Epub ahead of print]

Is surgical PD catheter insertion safe for urgent-start peritoneal dialysis?

Author information

1
School of Rural Health Mildura, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
2
Department of Medicine, Mildura Base Hospital, Mildura, VIC, Australia.
3
Division of Nephrology, National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.
4
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (USPD) is increasingly seen as a viable alternative to hemodialysis through a central venous catheter for late-presenting end-stage renal disease patients. However, concerns remain about starting dialysis early following the surgical implantation of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter; urgent PD is often thought to be a safe option only after minimally invasive percutaneous catheter insertions. Analysis of the cumulative data from published literature presented in this review appears to negate this general perception and shows that compared to the percutaneous catheter insertions, starting PD urgently following surgically placed catheter is not associated with more catheter leaks, dysfunctions, or other complications. The outcome of USPD is independent of the mode of catheter insertion. Instead, measures to minimize intra-peritoneal pressure including using the low initial dwell volume based on patient's weight and body habitus and keeping patients in strict supine posture during exchanges in the first 2 weeks of treatment are the two most important factors ensuring a minimization of the risk of catheter-related complications.

PMID:
30734972
DOI:
10.1111/sdi.12774

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