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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019 Jan 10;2019:1832025. doi: 10.1155/2019/1832025. eCollection 2019.

Adenosine Attenuates LPS-Induced Cardiac Dysfunction by Inhibition of Mitochondrial Function via the ER Pathway.

Zeng M1,2, Zhang B1,2, Li B1,2, Kan Y1,2, Wang S1,2, Feng W1,2, Zheng X1,2.

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Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450046, China.
Collaborative Innovation Center for Respiratory Disease Diagnosis and Treatment & Chinese Medicine Development of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450046, China.


Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction syndrome with a high rate of mortality. It is caused by an abnormal immune response to infection, and the occurrence of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy is the primary cause of death. The present study was designed to examine the effects of adenosine on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced cardiac anomalies and the underlying mechanisms involved. Adenosine (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg, i.g., 2 times/day) was administered for three days, followed by the induction of sepsis by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg/2h). The effects of adenosine on inflammatory factors, LVEF, LVFS, and MAPK in septic rats (half male and half female) were observed. Subsequently, the effect of adenosine (10 μM) on the mitochondrial function of H9c2 cells stimulated with LPS (20 μg/mL, 24 h) was observed in the presence and absence of the estrogen receptor-specific antagonist ICI182,780. The results show that medium to high doses of adenosine can significantly promote cardiac function (LVEF and LVFS) and reduce the levels of inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-6, PCT, and cTnI) and p-JNK in septic rats, with a significant difference seen between male and female rats. The results of flow cytometry show that adenosine significantly inhibited increases in ROS levels, mitochondrial membrane potential, and the swelling degree of mitochondria in H9c2 cells stimulated with LPS, but this effect could be blocked by ICI182,780, indicating that adenosine attenuated LPS-induced cardiac dysfunction by inhibiting mitochondrial function via the ER pathway.

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