Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Science. 2019 Mar 1;363(6430). pii: eaav9334. doi: 10.1126/science.aav9334. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Structural basis of cooling agent and lipid sensing by the cold-activated TRPM8 channel.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.
2
Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.

Abstract

Transient receptor potential melastatin member 8 (TRPM8) is a calcium ion (Ca2+)-permeable cation channel that serves as the primary cold and menthol sensor in humans. Activation of TRPM8 by cooling compounds relies on allosteric actions of agonist and membrane lipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), but lack of structural information has thus far precluded a mechanistic understanding of ligand and lipid sensing by TRPM8. Using cryo-electron microscopy, we determined the structures of TRPM8 in complex with the synthetic cooling compound icilin, PIP2, and Ca2+, as well as in complex with the menthol analog WS-12 and PIP2 Our structures reveal the binding sites for cooling agonists and PIP2 in TRPM8. Notably, PIP2 binds to TRPM8 in two different modes, which illustrate the mechanism of allosteric coupling between PIP2 and agonists. This study provides a platform for understanding the molecular mechanism of TRPM8 activation by cooling agents.

PMID:
30733385
PMCID:
PMC6478609
[Available on 2019-09-01]
DOI:
10.1126/science.aav9334

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center