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J Orthop Surg Res. 2019 Feb 7;14(1):40. doi: 10.1186/s13018-019-1075-3.

Comparison of one-stage versus two-stage procedure for the management of patients with rotator cuff tear and concomitant shoulder stiffness.

Author information

1
Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, No.47, Shang Teng Street, Cang Shan District, Fuzhou, 350007, China. zhuohongwu@foxmail.com.
2
Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, No.47, Shang Teng Street, Cang Shan District, Fuzhou, 350007, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To compare the clinical outcomes of one-stage and two-stage procedures for the management of patients with rotator cuff tear and concomitant shoulder stiffness.

METHODS:

From December 2013 to June 2016, we recruited 42 consecutive patients with rotator cuff tear and concomitant shoulder stiffness. Twenty-two patients underwent a one-stage procedure, including arthroscopic capsule release and concomitant rotator cuff repair, within 2 weeks of the diagnosis. For the remaining twenty patients, conservative treatment for the recovery of range of motion (ROM) was initially performed before arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. The ROM, visual analogue scale (VAS), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, Constant-Murley score, and satisfaction rate were assessed preoperatively; 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery; and at final follow-up.

RESULTS:

The mean follow-up period was 26.3 months (range, 24-33 months). No significant difference was noted in preoperative demographic data (age, sex, dominant/non-dominant, diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, and duration of symptoms) between the two groups (P = 0.165, P = 0.580, P = 0.662, P = 0.716, P = 0.231, and P = 0.152, respectively). After treatment, all patients exhibited significant improvement in ROM and functional scores (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). At 3 months postoperatively, the two-stage group exhibited significantly improved forward flexion and internal rotation compared with the one-stage group (P = 0.001 and P = 0.038, respectively). No significant difference in ROM was noted between the two groups at 6, 12, 24 months postoperatively and the final follow-up. In addition, no significant differences in VAS, ASES, Constant-Murley score and satisfaction rate were noted between the two groups at final follow-up (P = 0.319, P = 0.529, P = 0.711, and P = 0.085, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

In the treatment of rotator cuff tear with concomitant stiffness, although the recovery of ROM took longer in patients who underwent the one-stage procedure, satisfactory results at final follow-up can be achieved using either the one-stage procedure or two-stage procedure.

STUDY DESIGN:

Case-control study.

KEYWORDS:

Arthroscopic surgery; Capsular release; Conservative treatment; Repair; Rotator cuff; Stiffness

PMID:
30732637
PMCID:
PMC6367837
DOI:
10.1186/s13018-019-1075-3
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