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Nanotechnology. 2019 May 31;30(22):225501. doi: 10.1088/1361-6528/ab0515. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Detection of metal corrosion characteristics in chlorine solution using solid state nanopore.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.


Nanopore structures were originally proposed for detection of biomolecule translocation through nanometer-scale pores that perforate membranes by transient changes in ionic current. In this study, these changes are utilized to detect corrosion of different metals in aqueous chlorine media. The corrosion behaviors of Cu, Al, Ti, and Cr were analyzed by monitoring the changes in ion current resulting from ion concentration variations in solutions due to corrosion of the metals. We observed that the Cu layer passivated by CuO x was severely corroded when a drastic change of ion current was induced, from 10 to 30 nS to the level of 104 nS, as soon as the bias voltage was applied. In the case of Al passivated by thin AlO x , the conductance increased from 10-30 to 166 ± 52 nS and became saturated. Highly localized pitting corrosion was observed on the periphery of the nanopore, where the electrical field was most concentrated. Finally, we observed that Ti and Cr passivated by oxide showed long-term stability without corrosion in 1 M KCl in the pH range of 4-11.


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