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Simul Healthc. 2019 Feb 5. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000355. [Epub ahead of print]

"Nightmares-Family Medicine" Course Is an Effective Acute Care Teaching Tool for Family Medicine Residents.

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1
From the Family Medicine (F.G., K.S., I.S.), and Centre for Studies in Primary Care (K.S.), Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Simulation is an effective method for teaching acute care skills but has not been comprehensively evaluated with family medicine (FM) residents. We developed a comprehensive simulation-based approach for teaching acute care skills to FM residents and assessed it for effectiveness.

METHOD:

We compared the effectiveness of our standard acute care simulation training [Acute Care Rounds (ACR)] to a more comprehensive simulation-based acute care program, Nightmares-Family Medicine (NM). We used a self-reported comfort scale as well as video-captured performance on an acute care Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). Seventy-seven of our FM residents in their postgraduate year 1 between July 2012 and June 2015 participated in the study. Wilcoxon matched pairs and one-tailed t tests analysis was used for analyzing the comfort scale, Whitney-Mann, and χ for the OSCE performance.

RESULTS:

Nightmares-Family Medicine's initial 2-day session significantly improved the resident's self-assessment scores on all 20 items of the questionnaire (P < 0.05). Time-matched ACR improved 11 of 20 items (P < 0.05) level. Follow-up NM sessions improved 5 to 8 of 20 items (P < 0.05). Follow-up ACR sessions improved 1 to 5 of 20 items (P < 0.05). The means taken at the end of postgraduate year 1 year were higher for 13 of 20 items in the NM group (P < 0.05) as compared with ACR group. The NM group scored significantly higher on both the mean scores of OSCE individual categories (P < 0.01) and the Global Assessment Score (P < 0.05). Significantly less NM residents failed the OSCE (n = 1/30, 3.3% vs n = 8/37, 21.6%, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

"Nightmares-Family Medicine" course is very effective at teaching acute care skills to FM residents and more so than our previous curriculum.

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