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Ann Afr Med. 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):51-53. doi: 10.4103/aam.aam_76_17.

Disseminated cysticercosis in an immunocompetent individual.

Author information

1
Department of General Medicine, ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of General Medicine, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

in English, French

Cysticercosis is a major public health problem, particularly in developing countries. It is caused by the larvae of the cestode Taenia solium (pork tapeworm). It usually presents as a solitary lesion in the muscle or brain (neurocysticercosis). Disseminated cysticercosis is an uncommon manifestation, especially in an immunocompetent individual. We hereby report the case of a 31-year-old male who presented with new-onset generalized tonic-clonic seizures and who also had multiple soft-tissue swellings all over his body. Imaging studies revealed multiple cysticerci in the brain parenchyma, extraocular muscles, and muscles of all the four limbs, which was subsequently established by histopathology also. The patient was started on anticonvulsants, steroids, and albendazole following which he made a complete recovery.

KEYWORDS:

Cysticercosis; myocysticercosis; neurocysticercosis; seizures

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