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Mol Cell Biol. 1988 Dec;8(12):5132-9.

SAM2 encodes the second methionine S-adenosyl transferase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: physiology and regulation of both enzymes.

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  • 1Laboratoire d'Enzymologie du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the SAM1 and SAM2 genes encode two distinct forms of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) synthetase. In a previous study we cloned and sequenced the SAM1 gene (D. Thomas and Y. Surdin-Kerjan, J. Biol. Chem. 262:16704-16709, 1987). In this work, the SAM2 gene was isolated by functional complementation of a yeast double-mutant strain, and its identity was ascertained by gene disruption. It has been sequenced and compared with the SAM1 gene. The degree of homology found between the two genes shows that SAM1 and SAM2 are duplicated genes. Using strains disrupted in one or the other SAM gene, we have studied the regulation of their expression by measuring the steady-state level of mRNA after growth under different conditions. The results show that the expression of the two SAM genes is regulated differently, SAM2 being induced by the presence of excess methionine in the growth medium and SAM1 being repressed under the same conditions. The level of mRNA in the parental strain shows that it is not the sum of the levels found in the two disrupted strains. This raises the question of how the two AdoMet synthetases in S. cerevisiae interact to control AdoMet synthesis.

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