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Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 5;9(1):1434. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-38329-1.

Inferring pathogen-host interactions between Leptospira interrogans and Homo sapiens using network theory.

Author information

1
Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre, Department of Science & Technology, Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, 382011, India.
2
Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre, Department of Science & Technology, Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, 382011, India. jayshankardas@gmail.com.

Abstract

Leptospirosis is the most emerging zoonotic disease of epidemic potential caused by pathogenic species of Leptospira. The bacterium invades the host system and causes the disease by interacting with the host proteins. Analyzing these pathogen-host protein interactions (PHPIs) may provide deeper insight into the disease pathogenesis. For this analysis, inter-species as well as intra-species protein interactions networks of Leptospira interrogans and human were constructed and investigated. The topological analyses of these networks showed lesser connectivity in inter-species network than intra-species, indicating the perturbed nature of the inter-species network. Hence, it can be one of the reasons behind the disease development. A total of 35 out of 586 PHPIs were identified as key interactions based on their sub-cellular localization. Two outer membrane proteins (GpsA and MetXA) and two periplasmic proteins (Flab and GlyA) participating in PHPIs were found conserved in all pathogenic, intermediate and saprophytic spp. of Leptospira. Furthermore, the bacterial membrane proteins involved in PHPIs were found playing major roles in disruption of the immune systems and metabolic processes within host and thereby causing infectious disease. Thus, the present results signify that the membrane proteins participating in such interactions hold potential to serve as effective immunotherapeutic candidates for vaccine development.

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