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Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 5. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz099. [Epub ahead of print]

Detection of epidemic scarlet fever group A Streptococcus in Australia.

Author information

1
Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
2
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
3
Pathology Queensland, Gold Coast Laboratory, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
4
University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
5
Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
6
State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation, Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.
7
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
8
Department of Microbiology.
9
Research Centre of Infection and Immunology.
10
State Key Laboratory for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.
11
Division of Host-Microbe Systems & Therapeutics, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States of America.
12
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
13
Departments of Infectious Diseases and Pediatrics, Gold Coast Health, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Abstract

Sentinel hospital surveillance was instituted in Australia to detect the presence of pandemic group A Streptococcus strains causing scarlet fever. Genomic and phylogenetic analyses indicated the presence of an Australian GAS emm12 scarlet fever isolate related to UK outbreak strains. National surveillance to monitor this pandemic is recommended.

PMID:
30721938
DOI:
10.1093/cid/ciz099

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