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Chemosphere. 2019 May;222:494-502. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.01.186. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Degradation of benzophenone-4 in a UV/chlorine disinfection process: Mechanism and toxicity evaluation.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, No. 163 Xianlin Avenue, Nanjing 210023, PR China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, No. 163 Xianlin Avenue, Nanjing 210023, PR China. Electronic address: zhouqing@nju.edu.cn.

Abstract

This study investigated the degradation of benzophenone-4 (BP-4) in a UV/chlorine disinfection process, with chlorination and UV disinfection as comparisons. With a degradation efficiency of 80% after 10 s, the UV/chlorine process significantly enhanced the degradation of BP-4. However, a rebound of 36% of the initial concentration was observed in the UV/chlorine process ([free active chlorine (FAC)]0:[BP-4]0 = 1:1, pH = 7). The same tendency appeared under the addition of alkalinity, Cl-, and humic acid (HA). This work interpreted this interesting kinetic tendency from the perspective of mechanism. In fact, the transformation between the chlorinated product P1 and BP-4 was reversible under certain conditions. The inhomogeneous charge distribution of the CCl bond in P1 led to the photolytic dechlorination of P1. This transformation caused an increase in BP-4 concentration. In addition, the increase in the UV light power promoted the photodecomposition of P1 under the experimental condition. In addition, this study evaluated the change in absorbable organic halogens (AOX) and three kinds of toxicity changes in the BP-4 solution after chlorination and the UV/chlorine process, including the acute toxicity of luminescent bacteria, endocrine disrupting effect and cytotoxicity. The UV/chlorine process exhibited lower ecotoxicity than chlorination in water treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Benzophenone-4; Photolytic dechlorination; Toxicity evaluation; UV/chlorine

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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