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J Athl Train. 2018 Dec;53(12):1143-1155. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-154-17.

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle.
2
Seattle Children's Research Institute.
3
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA.
4
Academic Affairs, Texas Woman's University, Denton.
5
Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora.
6
Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, CA.
7
Datalys Center for Sports Injury Research and Prevention, Indianapolis, IN.
8
Department of Athletic Training, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA.
9
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
10
Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
11
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.
12
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of wrestling injury data.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school boys' wrestling in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate men's wrestling in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance.

DESIGN:

Descriptive epidemiology study.

SETTING:

Online injury surveillance from wrestling teams of high school boys (annual average = 100) and collegiate men (annual average = 11).

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:

Male wrestlers who participated in practices and competitions during the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years in high school or the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years in college.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Athletic trainers collected time-loss (≥24 hours) injuries and exposure data during this time period. Injury rates per 1000 athlete-exposures (AEs), injury rate ratios with 95% confidence intervals, and injury proportions by body site and diagnosis were calculated.

RESULTS:

The High School Reporting Information Online documented 3376 time-loss injuries during 1 416 314 AEs; the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program documented 2387 time-loss injuries during 257 297 AEs. The total injury rate was higher in college than in high school (9.28 versus 2.38/1000 AEs; injury rate ratio = 3.89; 95% confidence interval = 3.69, 4.10). In high school, the most commonly injured body parts for both practices and competitions were the head/face (practices = 19.9%, competitions = 21.4%) and shoulder/clavicle (practices = 14.1%, competitions = 21.0%). In college, the most frequently injured body parts for both practices and competitions were the knee (practices = 16.7%, competitions = 30.4%) and head/face (practices = 12.1%, competitions = 14.6%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Injury rates were higher in collegiate than in high school players, and the types of injuries sustained most often differed. Based on these results, continued study of primary and secondary prevention of injury in wrestlers across levels of competition is warranted.

KEYWORDS:

concussions; injury prevention; musculoskeletal injuries; skin infections

PMID:
30721631
PMCID:
PMC6365066
[Available on 2019-12-01]
DOI:
10.4085/1062-6050-154-17

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