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Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 4;9(1):1271. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37503-9.

Combining MALDI-TOF and genomics in the study of methicillin resistant and multidrug resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in New Zealand.

Author information

1
Molecular Epidemiology and Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
2
Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
3
NZVP (IDEXX), Palmerston North, New Zealand.
4
Gribbles Veterinary, Christchurch, New Zealand.
5
Fonterra Research & Development Centre, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
6
Dermvetonline, Auckland, New Zealand.
7
New Zealand Food Safety Science and Research Centre, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
8
Molecular Epidemiology and Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. D.A.Wilkinson@massey.ac.nz.
9
New Zealand Food Safety Science and Research Centre, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. D.A.Wilkinson@massey.ac.nz.

Abstract

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is an opportunistic and emerging zoonotic pathogen that primarily colonises the skin of dogs. Many common variants are methicillin resistant (MRSP) or multidrug resistant (MDR), and drug resistance is increasingly reported across the globe. In New Zealand, MRSP isolation remains rare in clinics. To pre-emptively inform diagnostic and antimicrobial stewardship practices, we examine isolates of S. pseudintermedius, MRSP and MDR-MRSP from New Zealand dogs using a combination of methodologies. Genetic and genomic data combined with antimicrobial susceptibility screening identify common drug-resistance profiles and their genetic determinants. We demonstrate that sensitive and specific species-level identification of S. pseudintermedius can be achieved using Bruker MALDI-TOF MS and, further, that this technique can be used to identify some common subtype variants, providing a level of categorical precision that falls somewhere between single-locus and multi-locus sequence typing. Comparative genomics analysis of global S. pseudintermedius data shows that MRSP moves frequently across the globe, but that horizontal gene transfer events resulting in the acquisition of the SCCmec cassette (responsible for beta-lactam antibiotic resistance) are infrequent. This suggests that biosecurity and surveillance in addition to antibiotic stewardship should play important roles in mitigating the risk of MRSP, especially in countries such as New Zealand where MRSP is still rare.

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