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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2019 Feb;30(2):212-216. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2018.11.013.

Use of Drug-Coated Balloons in Dysfunctional Arteriovenous Dialysis Access Treatment: The Effect of Consecutive Treatments on Lesion Patency.

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Interventional Radiology Department, Patras University Hospital, Patras 26500, Greece. Electronic address:
Interventional Radiology Department, Patras University Hospital, Patras 26500, Greece.
Nephrology Department, Patras University Hospital, Patras 26500, Greece.
Vascular Surgery Department, Patras University Hospital, Patras 26500, Greece.



A retrospective longitudinal analysis was performed to evaluate the outcome of consecutive treatments with drug-coated balloons (DCBs) in dysfunctional arteriovenous (AV) dialysis access (fistulae and grafts).


From January 2015 to December 2017, 339 DCBs were used in 257 procedures in 165 patients with dysfunctional accesses. Of these, 38 patients had ≥ 2 procedures and were included in the analysis. A total of 112 procedures were performed with 133 devices (22 patients treated twice, 4 treated 3 times, 7 treated 4 times, 2 treated 5 times, and 3 treated 6 times). Mean balloon diameter was 8.13 mm (min-max range, 3-12 mm) and length was 63.16 mm (min-max range, 40-150 mm). Primary outcome measures were safety and effectiveness based on the noninferiority hypothesis that the second treatment would be as effective as the first regarding postintervention primary patency (PIPP). Secondary outcome measures included independent factors that may influence outcomes.


Mean lesion follow-up was 617 d (range, 175-1,100 d). Median PIPP durations were 216.5 d for the first intervention and 280 d for the second (P = .37; hazard ratio, 1.271; 95% confidence interval, 0.75-2.16). There was a significant difference in PIPP in favor of the second intervention when patients with only 2 interventions (22 of 38; 57.9%) were included (first intervention, 269 d; second intervention, 520 d; P = .03; hazard ratio, 2.354; 95% confidence interval, 1.087-5.098).


There was no significant difference in PIPP between the first and second DCB procedures. Results suggest consistency in PIPP with the use of DCBs regardless of aging AV access.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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