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Sensors (Basel). 2019 Feb 1;19(3). pii: E615. doi: 10.3390/s19030615.

Simple Synthesis of Cobalt Carbonate Hydroxide Hydrate and Reduced Graphene Oxide Hybrid Structure for High-Performance Room Temperature NH₃ Sensor.

Wang C1,2, Wang H3, Zhao D4, Wei X5,6, Li X7,8, Liu W9,10, Liu H11.

Author information

1
Department of Microelectronics, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. wangc254@163.com.
2
Guangdong Shunde Xi'an Jiaotong University Academy, NO.3 Deshengdong Road, Daliang, Shunde District, Foshan 528300, China. wangc254@163.com.
3
Department of Microelectronics, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. wanghuan19960511@stu.xjtu.edu.cn.
4
Department of Microelectronics, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. zhaodan_xjtu@163.com.
5
Department of Microelectronics, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. wei.wxq@163.com.
6
Research Institute of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 328 Wenming Road, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou 311215, China. wei.wxq@163.com.
7
Department of Microelectronics, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. lx@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.
8
Guangdong Shunde Xi'an Jiaotong University Academy, NO.3 Deshengdong Road, Daliang, Shunde District, Foshan 528300, China. lx@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.
9
Department of Microelectronics, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. lwhua@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.
10
Guangdong Shunde Xi'an Jiaotong University Academy, NO.3 Deshengdong Road, Daliang, Shunde District, Foshan 528300, China. lwhua@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.
11
State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China. hzliu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

A novel hybrid structure sensor based on cobalt carbonate hydroxide hydrate (CCHH) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was designed for room temperature NH₃ detection. This hybrid structure consisted of CCHH and RGO (synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method), in which RGO uniformly dispersed in CCHH, being used as the gas sensing film. The resistivity of the hybrid structure was highly sensitive to the changes on NH₃ concentration. CCHH in the hybrid structure was the sensing material and RGO was the conductive channel material. The hybrid structure could improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the sensitivity by obtaining the optimal mass proportion of RGO, since the proportion of RGO was directly related to sensitivity. The gas sensor with 0.4 wt% RGO showed the highest gas sensing response reach to 9% to 1 ppm NH₃. Compared to a conventional gas sensor, the proposed sensor not only showed high gas sensing response at room temperature but also was easy to achieve large-scale production due to the good stability and simple synthesis process.

KEYWORDS:

ammonia; cobalt carbonate hydroxide hydrate; gas sensor; reduced graphene oxide; room temperature

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