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FEBS J. 2019 Feb 4. doi: 10.1111/febs.14772. [Epub ahead of print]

MAVS polymers smaller than 80 nm induce mitochondrial membrane remodeling and interferon signaling.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, UK.
2
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.
3
Cambridge Advanced Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, UK.
4
Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is a potent proinflammatory signature of viral infection and is sensed primarily by RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs). Oligomerization of RLRs following binding to cytosolic dsRNA activates and nucleates self-assembly of the mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS). In the current signaling model, the caspase recruitment domains of MAVS form helical fibrils that self-propagate like prions to promote signaling complex assembly. However, there is no conclusive evidence that MAVS forms fibrils in cells or with the transmembrane anchor present. We show here with super-resolution light microscopy that MAVS activation by dsRNA induces mitochondrial membrane remodeling. Quantitative image analysis at imaging resolutions as high as 32 nm shows that in the cellular context, MAVS signaling complexes and the fibrils within them are smaller than 80 nm. The transmembrane domain of MAVS is required for its membrane remodeling, interferon signaling, and proapoptotic activities. We conclude that membrane tethering of MAVS restrains its polymerization and contributes to mitochondrial remodeling and apoptosis upon dsRNA sensing.

KEYWORDS:

STORM ; cell death; innate immunity; pathogen-associated molecular pattern; signal transduction

PMID:
30715798
DOI:
10.1111/febs.14772

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