Send to

Choose Destination
AIDS Behav. 2019 Mar;23(3):792-801. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02417-8.

Exploring the Relationship Between Foster Care Experiences and HIV Risk Behaviors Among a Sample of Homeless Former Foster Youth.

Author information

Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2430 Campus Rd., Gartley Hall, 201E, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA.
Suzanne Dworak Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA.


Recent research shows high rates of poor behavioral health outcomes among homeless former foster youth, including increased risk for HIV-risk behaviors. In the current study, data were collected from 184 youth at drop-in centers in Los Angeles using behavioral health questionnaires to explore the relationships between specific aspects of foster care experiences and engagement in HIV-risk behaviors. Results indicated that youth whose first homelessness experience occurred before leaving foster care were significantly more likely to engage in drug use with sex and exchange sex than those whose first homelessness experience occurred after leaving foster care. Intervention services targeting HIV-risk behaviors should consider the aspects of foster care placements that may increase the risk of these behaviors, such as long periods of placement or experiencing homelessness before exiting foster care, as well as those that may decrease the risk of these behaviors, such as exiting placement at an older age.


Foster youth; HIV risk; Homeless youth; Risk behaviors

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center