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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Mar;49(6):807-813. doi: 10.1111/apt.15161. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

The evolution and impact of sarcopenia pre- and post-liver transplantation.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
2
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
3
Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sarcopenia is associated with both increased wait-list mortality and mortality following liver transplantation.

AIMS:

To determine the course of sarcopenia from transplant evaluation until 1 year post-transplant, and its implications on hospitalisation and mortality following liver transplantation.

METHODS:

Two hundred and ninety-three transplant recipients from 2002 to 2006 had pre-transplant CT scans analysed at the third lumbar region for sarcopenia, myosteatosis and abdominal visceral fat content. Half the recipients had post-transplant CT scan for interpretation (161/293).

RESULTS:

Sarcopenia was present in 146/293 (50%) of the patients pre-transplant. There was a significant decrease in muscle mass (loss 2.0 ± 4.9 cm2 /m2 ; P < 0.001), and an increase in myosteatosis while awaiting liver transplantation. There was no significant change in abdominal visceral fat. For every 1 cm2 /m2 decrease in muscle mass there was an increase in post-transplant length of stay by 0.36 days (P = 0.005). Post-transplant, 98/161 (61%) of patients with CT imaging had sarcopenia (25 de novo and 73 persistent), with continued increase in myosteatosis, lower Hounsfield units (-5.0 [IQR -8.6 to 0.1]; P < 0.001) and an increase in abdominal visceral fat (4.9 [IQR -4.4 to 15.6] cm2 /m2 ; P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in 1-year mortality in patients with de novo sarcopenia compared to patients with sarcopenia both pre- and post-transplant (HR 1.88; P = 0.088).

CONCLUSIONS:

Sarcopenia progresses up to 1 year following liver transplantation and is associated with an increase in post-transplant length of stay.

PMID:
30714184
DOI:
10.1111/apt.15161

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