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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2019 Feb;34:288-293. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.003. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Effect of yoga on cardiac autonomic dysfunction and insulin resistance in non-diabetic offspring of type-2-diabetes parents: A randomized controlled study.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Shri B.M.Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: sathupatil@yahoo.co.in.
2
Department of Physiology, Shri B.M.Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: bharatimanju@ymail.com.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Shri B.M.Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: gvnaregal@gmail.com.
4
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, BLDEA's Shri B.M.Patil Institute of Nursing Sciences, Vijayapura, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: amargs31@gmail.com.
5
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, BLDEA's Shri B.M.Patil Institute of Nursing Sciences, Vijayapura, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: shalmonchopade@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was aimed to determine the effect of yoga program on cardiac autonomic dysfunction and insulin resistance in non-diabetic offspring of diabetes parents.

METHODS:

A randomized passive-controlled study was conducted on 64 non-diabetic offspring of type-2-diabetes parents (mean-age:25.17years). Yoga group participants received yoga training for 8 weeks. Heart-rate variability (HRV) indices: low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) and LF/HF ratio; fasting blood glucose (FBG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin resistance (IR) were estimated at baseline and after 8-weeks of intervention.

RESULTS:

We found a significant decrease in LF (p = 0.005), LF/HF ratio (p = 0.004), IR (p < 0.001), OGTT (p = 0.003) and increase in HF (p = 0.022) in yoga group participants. Control group participants did not show any significant change in any variables.

CONCLUSIONS:

Improvement in cardiac autonomic function and insulin resistance by yoga training implies that yoga can reduce the risk of development of diabetes in offspring of diabetes parents.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiac autonomic function; Glucose tolerance; Insulin resistance; Offspring; Type 2 diabetes parents; Yoga

PMID:
30712740
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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