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Int Rev Cell Mol Biol. 2019;343:65-110. doi: 10.1016/bs.ircmb.2018.05.012. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Role of the Ubiquitin Proteasome System in Plant Response to Abiotic Stress.

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1
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Abstract

Ubiquitination is a prevalent post-translation modification system that is involved in almost all aspects of eukaryotic biology. It involves the attachment of ubiquitin, a small, highly conserved protein to selected substrates. The most notable function of ubiquitin is the targeting of modified proteins to the multi-proteolytic 26S proteasome complex for degradation. The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) regulates the abundance of numerous enzymes, structural and regulatory proteins ensuring proper cellular function. Plants utilize the UPS to facilitate cellular changes required to respond to and tolerate adverse growth conditions. In this review, the regulatory role of the UPS in responses to abiotic stress is discussed, particularly the function of ubiquitin-dependent degradation in the suppression, activation and attenuation or termination of stress signaling.

KEYWORDS:

26S proteasome; Abiotic stress; Abscisic acid; E3 ubiquitin ligase; Stress signalling; Ubiquitin

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