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Am J Pathol. 2019 Apr;189(4):826-838. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2019.01.009. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Complement Factor H Mutation W1206R Causes Retinal Thrombosis and Ischemic Retinopathy in Mice.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
2
Department of Systems Pharmacology and Translational Therapeutics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
3
Department of Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: jdunaief@pennmedicine.upenn.edu.
4
Department of Systems Pharmacology and Translational Therapeutics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: songwe@pennmedicine.upenn.edu.

Abstract

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms and rare mutations in factor H (FH; official name, CFH) are associated with age-related macular degeneration and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, a form of thrombotic microangiopathy. Mice with the FH W1206R mutation (FHR/R) share features with human atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Herein, we report that FHR/R mice exhibited retinal vascular occlusion and ischemia. Retinal fluorescein angiography demonstrated delayed perfusion and vascular leakage in FHR/R mice. Optical coherence tomography imaging of FHR/R mice showed retinal degeneration, edema, and detachment. Histologic analysis of FHR/R mice revealed retinal thinning, vessel occlusion, as well as degeneration of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium. Immunofluorescence showed albumin leakage from blood vessels into the neural retina, and electron microscopy demonstrated vascular endothelial cell irregularity with narrowing of retinal and choroidal vessels. Knockout of C6, a component of the membrane attack complex, prevented the aforementioned retinal phenotype in FHR/R mice, consistent with membrane attack complex-mediated pathogenesis. Pharmacologic blockade of C5 also rescued retinas of FHR/R mice. This FHR/R mouse strain represents a model for retinal vascular occlusive disorders and ischemic retinopathy. The results suggest complement dysregulation can contribute to retinal vascular occlusion and that an anti-C5 antibody might be helpful for C5-mediated thrombotic retinal diseases.

PMID:
30711487
PMCID:
PMC6458521
[Available on 2020-04-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajpath.2019.01.009

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