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BMC Microbiol. 2019 Feb 2;19(1):29. doi: 10.1186/s12866-019-1401-2.

Investigation of multidrug-resistant ST2 Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from Saint George hospital in Lebanon.

Author information

1
Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, APHM, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, 19-21 boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385, Marseille, Cedex 05, France.
2
Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon.
3
Faculty of Sciences III, Lebanese University, Tripoli, Lebanon.
4
Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, APHM, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, 19-21 boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385, Marseille, Cedex 05, France. jean-marc.rolain@univ-amu.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen causing various nosocomial infections. The spread of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii is a major public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular epidemiology and the genetic support of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii isolates collected from Saint-Georges Hospital in Lebanon.

METHODS:

Between January and August 2016, 31 A. baumannii isolates were collected from sputum samples of patients infected with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and treated with colistin-carbapenem combination therapy. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed using the disk diffusion method. Carbapenemases, extended spectrum β-lactamases encoding genes and mcr-1/2 genes were investigated by RT-PCR and standard PCR. The epidemiological relatedness of the strains was studied using MLST analysis.

RESULTS:

Most of the isolates exhibited multidrug-resistant phenotypes. All the isolates were carbapenem-resistant and among them, 30 carried the class D carbapenemase blaoxa-23 gene while one isolate carried blaoxa-72 gene. MLST results revealed three sequence types, namely ST2, ST699, and ST627. Isolates having ST2 were the most prevalent clone (29/31, 93.5%).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows a nosocomial spread of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii ST2 having blaOXA-23 gene in Saint-George in Lebanon. Monitoring and control measures need to be adopted to avoid the spread of A. baumannii to patients.

KEYWORDS:

Acinetobacter baumannii; OXA-23; ST2 clone

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