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Perspect Psychol Sci. 2019 May;14(3):481-496. doi: 10.1177/1745691618804166. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Mindsets: A View From Two Eras.

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1 Department of Psychology, Stanford University.
2 Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin.


A growth mindset is the belief that human capacities are not fixed but can be developed over time, and mindset research examines the power of such beliefs to influence human behavior. This article offers two personal perspectives on mindset research across two eras. Given recent changes in the field, the authors represent different generations of researchers, each focusing on different issues and challenges, but both committed to "era-bridging" research. The first author traces mindset research from its systematic examination of how mindsets affect challenge seeking and resilience, through the ways in which mindsets influence the formation of judgments and stereotypes. The second author then describes how mindset research entered the era of field experiments and replication science, and how researchers worked to create reliable interventions to address underachievement-including a national experiment in the United States. The authors conclude that there is much more to learn but that the studies to date illustrate how an era-bridging program of research can continue to be generative and relevant to new generations of scholars.


autobiography; biography; history

[Available on 2020-05-01]
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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