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Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2019 Jan-Mar;62(1):153-155. doi: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_793_17.

Pulmonary nocardiosis: Report of two cases from a tertiary care hospital.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Pathology, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Pulmonary nocardiosis is an uncommon bacterial infection that may lead to severe disease in immunocompromised patients. The disease is rare in immunocompetent patients. Reported cases are few, and the literature is limited because disease recognition is difficult. We present a case report of two patients of pulmonary nocardiosis, who had different clinicoradiological presentations and also responded differently to treatment. Given the rising incidence of cancer, organ transplantation, and use of parenteral steroids, Nocardia is likely to attain a higher place among the causes of pulmonary infections.

KEYWORDS:

Linezolid; Nocardia spp; pulmonary nocardiosis; trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

PMID:
30706884
DOI:
10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_793_17
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