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Neuron. 2019 Mar 6;101(5):863-875.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.002. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

A Photoactivatable Botulinum Neurotoxin for Inducible Control of Neurotransmission.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
2
Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences and Institute of Biophysical Chemistry, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 15, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.
3
Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: chandra.tucker@ucdenver.edu.
4
Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: matthew.kennedy@ucdenver.edu.

Abstract

Regulated secretion is critical for diverse biological processes ranging from immune and endocrine signaling to synaptic transmission. Botulinum and tetanus neurotoxins, which specifically proteolyze vesicle fusion proteins involved in regulated secretion, have been widely used as experimental tools to block these processes. Genetic expression of these toxins in the nervous system has been a powerful approach for disrupting neurotransmitter release within defined circuitry, but their current utility in the brain and elsewhere remains limited by lack of spatial and temporal control. Here we engineered botulinum neurotoxin B so that it can be activated with blue light. We demonstrate the utility of this approach for inducibly disrupting excitatory neurotransmission, providing a first-in-class optogenetic tool for persistent, light-triggered synaptic inhibition. In addition to blocking neurotransmitter release, this approach will have broad utility for conditionally disrupting regulated secretion of diverse bioactive molecules, including neuropeptides, neuromodulators, hormones, and immune molecules. VIDEO ABSTRACT.

KEYWORDS:

Optogenetics; SNARE protein; botulinum toxin; iLID; neurotransmitter; secretion; synapse; tetanus toxin; vamp2; vesicle

PMID:
30704911
PMCID:
PMC6524650
[Available on 2020-03-06]
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.002

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