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Neurochem Res. 1988 Dec;13(12):1119-24.

Insulin effect on GABA uptake in astroglial primary cultures.

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INSERM U-282, Hopital Henri Mondor, Creteil, France.


Astroglial cultures from newborn mouse cerebral cortex contain [125I]Insulin binding sites. Binding was specific, reversible, time dependent and reached equilibrium after 45 min. Insulin analogues compete for this [125I]Insulin binding. Incubation of cerebral cortex astroglial cultures with insulin induced a time- and dose-dependent inhibition of the [3H]GABA high affinity uptake. A decrease in the Vmax rather than an effect on the Km was observed. This effect was dose-dependent and effective at 10(-10) M. Autoradiographic observations on the cell monolayer showed the presence of two groups of cells: one which strongly takes up [3H]GABA and consist in smaller GFAP positive process-bearing cells and another group of much flatter and larger GFAP positive cells which uptake was lower. The smaller stellate cells were apparently the most sensitive to insulin effect. These results: 1) confirm the presence of insulin binding sites on astroglial primary cultures, 2) show an effect of insulin on [3H]GABA high affinity uptake of these cells; this effect being optimal on a stellate-like population of astrocytes, and 3) indicate that insulin may interfere in neuromodulation through astroglial signals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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