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Mol Gen Genet. 1988 Oct;214(2):295-9.

Point mutations in the 23 S rRNA genes of four lincomycin resistant Nicotiana plumbaginifolia mutants could provide new selectable markers for chloroplast transformation.

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Max Planck Institut für Züchtungsforschung, Abteilung Genetische Grundlagen der Pflanzenzüchtung, Köln, Federal Republic of Germany.


Experiments designed to establish stable chloroplast transformation require selectable marker genes encoded by the chloroplast genome. The antibiotic lincomycin is a specific inhibitor of chloroplast ribosomal activity and is known to bind to the large ribosomal subunit. We have investigated a defined region of the chloroplast 23 S rRNA genes from four lincomycin resistant Nicotiana plumbaginifolia mutants and from wild-type N. plumbaginifolia. The mutants LR415, LR421 and LR446 have A to G transitions at positions equivalent to the nucleotides 2058 and 2059 in the Escherichia coli 23 S rRNA. The mutant, LR400, possesses a G to A transition at a position corresponding to nucleotide 2032 of the E. coli 23 S rRNA.

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