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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Feb;98(5):e14288. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000014288.

Association of transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene polymorphism with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese Korean ethnicity population.

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Department of Laboratory.
Department of Ophthalmology.
Department of Neurology.
Department of Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, China.


Presently, data on the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Chinese Korean ethnicity are very scarce. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) and T2DM in Chinese Korean ethnicity population. This case-control study involved 43 T2DM Chinese Korean ethnicity patients (T2DM group) and 43 healthy Chinese Korean ethnicity normoglycemic subjects as controls (Control group). All included participants aged from 40 to 75 years old. Clinical and biological data were collected to determine the phenotypic traits. The restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the TCF7L2 by genotyping for rs7903146 (C/T). Spectrophotometer with Chronolab kits was used to conduct the biochemical analyses. TCF7L2 was associated with T2DM in the Chinese Korean ethnicity population (P < .01 for alleles, and P < .05 for genotypes). Significant differences were found 2 groups regarding the T allele (37.2% T2DM patients vs 15.1% healthy subjects, P < .01), and G allele (62.8% T2DM patients vs 84.9% healthy subjects, P < .01). The risk genotypes were GG (83.7% T2DM patients, vs 44.2% healthy control, P < .01), GT (4.7% T2DM patients, vs 20.9% healthy control, P = .04), and TT (11.6% T2DM patients, vs 34.9% healthy control, P = .01). The results of this study demonstrated that TCF7L2 is associated with T2DM in the Chinese Korean ethnicity population, which is an important risk factor for T2DM in this population.

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