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Analyst. 2019 Mar 21;144(6):2034-2041. doi: 10.1039/c8an02231c. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Metal coordination polymer induced perylene probe excimer fluorescence and its application in acetylcholinesterase sensing and alpha-fetoprotein immunoassay.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, P. R. China. congyu@ciac.ac.cn.
2
State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, P. R. China. congyu@ciac.ac.cn and College of Food Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun, 130025, P. R. China.
3
College of Animal Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, 130062, P. R. China.
4
State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, P. R. China. congyu@ciac.ac.cn and University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, P. R. China.

Abstract

A novel sensing strategy for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is developed, based on the perylene probe monomer to excimer fluorescence transformation induced by the in situ generation of a metal coordination polymer. In the presence of AChE, acetylthiocholine chloride was hydrolyzed to thiocholine. Ag+ and the produced thiocholine formed a positively charged metal coordination polymer, which induced the aggregation of a negatively charged perylene probe and the formation of probe excimer emission. The intensity ratio of excimer to monomer emission was proportional to the AChE concentration. A sensing method for AChE was thus established with a detection limit of 0.02 mU mL-1. The excimer emission with a large Stokes shift could avoid the interference of background fluorescence from complex biological samples, and thus achieved selective and sensitive detection of AChE. In addition, a fluorescence immunoassay strategy for AFP was then developed. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) co-immobilized with acetylcholinesterase and the AFP antibody as the capture and amplification probe were first prepared. In the presence of AFP, the sandwich structure was formed by immunological recognition. The hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine was catalyzed by AChE on the AuNPs, and the metal coordination polymer was then formed which resulted in the aggregation of the perylene probe and the formation of the excimer emission. The proposed sensing method offers a new strategy for the detection of other biomarkers.

PMID:
30702092
DOI:
10.1039/c8an02231c

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