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Ter Arkh. 2018 Feb 14;90(1):36-44. doi: 10.26442/terarkh201890136-44.

23-year dynamics (1994-2016) relationships to its health, behavioral characteristics and  prevention of cardiovascular diseases among women 25-44 years in Russia /Siberia.

Author information

1
FSBI Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia.
2
Collaborative laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the 23-year dynamics (1994-2016) of attitudes toward one's health, behavioral characteristics and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in an open population among women 25-44 years old in Russia / Siberia (Novosibirsk).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In the framework of the third screening of the MONICA program for the study of trends and control of cardiovascular diseases and the MONICA-psychosocial (MOPSY) subprogram, in 1994 a random representative sample of women aged 25-64 years of age from one from the districts of Novosibirsk (n = 870, the average age is 45.4±0.4 years); in the age group 25-44 years - 284 persons. In 2016 years. in the framework of screening studies on the budgetary issue of NIITPM No. gos. reg. 01201282292, a random representative sample of women aged 25-44 years old in the same district of Novosibirsk (n = 540) was examined. Attitude to their health, behavioral characteristics and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases were studied using the "Knowledge and attitude to their health" scale, validated for the Russian population under the WHO "MONICA" program. The chi-square test (x2) was used to calculate the indices. The criterion of statistical significance was the reliability of the result at p<0.05.

RESULTS:

The analysis showed that in the open population among women aged 25-44 years, there is a positive dynamics in assessing their health (21% and 50.7%, respectively). But, despite this, 50% of women negatively assess their health and 96% note the probability of getting a serious illness for 5-10 years. Most women believe in the ability of medicine to successfully prevent and treat heart disease, but the proportion of people using health resources for preventive purposes remains extremely low and does not exceed 10%. In the open population among women aged 25-44 years for 23 years there is an increase in stress in the workplace and the trend of growth in changes in marital status. Recorded in the period 1994-2016 gg. changes in the behavior of women associated with health: increased the proportion of people who gave up smoking and regularly doing physical exercises, and improved eating behavior.

CONCLUSION:

It was found that among women aged 25-44 years there is a positive dynamics in relation to the prevention of behavioral risk factors for CVD. But despite this, half of women negatively assess their health and use health resources only slightly.

KEYWORDS:

attitude to one's health; behavioral characteristics; epidemiology; female population; prevention of cardiovascular diseases

PMID:
30701756
DOI:
10.26442/terarkh201890136-44
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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