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J Immigr Minor Health. 2019 Jan 30. doi: 10.1007/s10903-019-00860-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Barriers to and Interest in Lung Cancer Screening Among Latino and Non-Latino Current and Former Smokers.

Author information

1
Division of General Internal Medicine Massachusetts General Hospital, 100 Cambridge Street, Suite 1647, 02114, Boston, MA, USA. spercaclima@mgh.harvard.edu.
2
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. spercaclima@mgh.harvard.edu.
3
Mongan Institute for Health Policy Center Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. spercaclima@mgh.harvard.edu.
4
Division of General Internal Medicine Massachusetts General Hospital, 100 Cambridge Street, Suite 1647, 02114, Boston, MA, USA.
5
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
6
Mongan Institute for Health Policy Center Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
7
Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Radiology, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in Latinos. In a telephone survey, we assessed perceptions about lung cancer and awareness of, interest in, and barriers to lung screening among older current and former smokers. We compared Latino and non-Latino responses adjusting for age, sex, education, and smoking status using logistic regression models. Of the 460 patients who completed the survey (51.5% response rate), 58.0% were women, 49.3% former smokers, 15.7% Latino, with mean age 63.6 years. More Latinos believed that lung cancer could be prevented compared to non-Latinos (74.6% vs. 48.2%, OR 3.07, CI 1.89-5.01), and less worried about developing lung cancer (34.8% vs. 50.3%, OR 0.44, CI 0.27-0.72). Most participants were not aware of lung screening (44.1% Latinos vs. 34.3% Non-Latinos, OR 1.24, CI 0.79-1.94), but when informed, more Latinos wanted to be screened (90.7% vs. 67%, OR 4.58, CI 2.31-9.05). Latinos reported fewer barriers to lung screening.

KEYWORDS:

Barriers; Cancer screening; Latino; Lung cancer

PMID:
30701427
DOI:
10.1007/s10903-019-00860-2

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