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BMJ Open. 2019 Jan 29;9(1):e019903. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019903.

Accelerated, Dose escalated, Sequential Chemoradiotherapy in Non-small-cell lung cancer (ADSCaN): a protocol for a randomised phase II study.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Oncology, Weston Park Hospital, Sheffield, UK.
2
Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
3
Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
4
Guy's & St. Thomas' NHS Trust, Guy's Hospital, London, UK.
5
Velindre Cancer Centre, Cardiff, UK.
6
Department of Physics, Clatterbridge Cancer Centre, Bebington, UK.
7
National Radiotherapy Trials Quality Assurance (RTTQA) Group, Mount Vernon Hospital, Middlesex, UK.
8
Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
9
National Cancer Research Institute Consumer Liaison Group, London, UK.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer mortality in the UK, and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of all lung cancers. Most patients present with inoperable disease; therefore, radiotherapy plays a major role in treatment. However, the majority of patients are not suitable for the gold standard treatment (concurrent chemoradiotherapy) due to performance status and comorbidities. Novel strategies integrating radiotherapy advances and radiobiological knowledge need to be evaluated in patients treated with sequential chemoradiotherapy. Four separate dose escalation accelerated radiotherapy schedules have been completed in UK (CHART-ED, IDEAL-CRT, I-START and Isotoxic IMRT). This study will compare these schedules with a UK standard sequential chemoradiotherapy schedule of 55 Gy in 20 fractions over 4 weeks. As it would be impossible to test all schedules in a phase III study, the aim is to use a combined randomised phase II screening/'pick the winner' approach to identify the best schedule to take into a randomised phase III study against conventionally fractionated radiotherapy.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS:

Suitable patients will have histologically/cytologically confirmed, stage III NSCLC and are able to undergo chemoradiotherapy treatment. The study will recruit 360 patients; 120 on the standard arm and 60 on each experimental arm. Patients will complete 2-4 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy before being randomised to one of the radiotherapy schedules. The primary endpoint is progression-free survival, with overall survival, time to local-regional failure, toxicity and cost-effectiveness as secondary objectives.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:

The study has received ethical approval (research ethics committee (REC) reference: 16/WS/0165) from the West of Scotland REC 1. The trial is conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and Good Clinical Practice. Trial results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and presented internationally.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

ISRCTN47674500.

KEYWORDS:

chemo-radiotherapy; non-small cell lung cancer; radiotherapy; sequential

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