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BMC Cancer. 2019 Jan 30;19(1):112. doi: 10.1186/s12885-019-5311-3.

MiRNA detection in cervical exfoliated cells for missed high-grade lesions in women with LSIL/CIN1 diagnosis after colposcopy-guided biopsy.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310006, Zhejiang, China.
2
Women's Reproductive Health Laboratory of Zhejiang Province, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310006, Zhejiang, China.
3
Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310006, Zhejiang, China. lbwg@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion/cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (LSIL/CIN1) preceded by colposcopy guided biopsy is recommended conservative follow-up, although some of these lesions are actually high-grade lesions, which are missed on an initial colposcopy. Therefore, in this work, we evaluate the potential role of miRNA detection in cervical exfoliated cells in a clinic-based population for predicting missed high-grade lesions in women diagnosed with LSIL/CIN1 after colposcopy-guided biopsy.

METHODS:

A total number of 177 women with a diagnosis of LSIL/CIN1 obtained by colposcopy-guided biopsy were grouped into two categories according to the histology of the conization specimens: consistent LSIL/CIN1 group (surgical pathology consistent with colposcopic diagnosis) and missed high-grade lesion group (surgical pathology found high-grade lesion). The expression of eight miRNAs, such as miRNA195, miRNA424, miRNA375, miRNA218, miRNA34a, miRNA29a, miRNA16-2, and miRNA20a was detected by real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in cervical exfoliated cells of the 177 patients. Pearson Chi-Square was used to compare the performance efficiency of patients' characteristics. Nonparametric Man-Whitney U test was used to assess differences in miRNA expression. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the performance of miRNA evaluation in detecting missed high-grade lesions.

RESULTS:

Among the 177 women with biopsy-confirmed CIN1, 15.3% (27/177) had CIN2+ in the conization specimen (missed high-grade lesion group) and 84.7% (150/177) had CIN1-(consistent LSIL/CIN1 group). The relative expression of miRNA-195 and miRNA-29a in the missed high-grade lesion group was significantly lower than that in the consistent LSIL/CIN1 group. The relative expression of miRNA16-2 and miRNA20a in the missed high-grade lesion group was significantly higher than that in the consistent LSIL/CIN1 group. No significant difference was observed between these two groups regarding the other four miRNAs. Of these significant miRNAs, miRNA29a detection achieved the highest Youden index (0.733), sensitivity (92.6%), positive predictive value (46.2%), negative predictive value (98.3%) and higher specificity (80.7%) when identifying missed high-grade lesions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Detection of miRNA might provide a new triage for identifying a group at higher risk of missed high-grade lesions in women with colposcopy diagnosis of LSIL/CIN1.

KEYWORDS:

Cervical exfoliated cells; Colposcopy-guided biopsy; High-grade lesions; Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion/cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1(LSIL/CIN1); miRNA expression

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