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Angiology. 2019 Jan 30:3319719826461. doi: 10.1177/0003319719826461. [Epub ahead of print]

Lipoprotein(a) in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

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1 Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center, Vascular Medicine Program, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.


Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a genetically determined risk factor for calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) for which transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is increasingly utilized as treatment. We evaluated the effect of a program to increase testing of and define the prevalence of elevated Lp(a) among patients undergoing TAVR. Educational efforts and incorporation of a "check-box" Lp(a) order to the preoperative TAVR order set were instituted. Retrospective chart review was performed in 229 patients requiring TAVR between May 2013 and September 2018. Of these patients, 57% had an Lp(a) level measured; testing rates increased from 0% in 2013 to 96% in 2018. Lipoprotein(a) testing occurred in 11% of patients before and in 80% of patients after the "check-box" order set ( P < .001). The prevalence of elevated Lp(a) (≥30 mg/dL) was 35%; these patients had a higher incidence of coronary artery disease requiring revascularization compared with patients with normal Lp(a) (65% vs 47%; P = .047). Patients with Lp(a) ≥30 mg/dL also had higher incidence of paravalvular leak compared with those with normal Lp(a) (13% vs 4%; P = .04). This study defines the prevalence of elevated Lp(a) in advanced stages of CAVS and provides a practice pathway to assess procedural complications and long-term outcomes of TAVR in patients with elevated Lp(a) levels.


TAVR; calcified aortic valve stenosis; lipoprotein(a)


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