Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Aging Health. 2019 Jan 30:898264319826797. doi: 10.1177/0898264319826797. [Epub ahead of print]

Women's Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning.

Author information

1
1 Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
2
2 Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
3
3 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.
4
4 University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.
5
5 UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, USA.
6
6 University of California San Diego School of Medicine, USA.
7
7 The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Timing and accumulation of work-related exposures may influence later life health. This study evaluates the association between women's work patterns and physical functioning.

METHOD:

Work history and physical functioning information was collected at baseline for U.S. women ages 50 to 79 years in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study ( N = 75,507). We estimated life course workforce participation patterns using latent class analysis. Associations between work patterns and physical limitations were explored using modified Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

Compared with working continuously, women who left the workforce early had 8% increased risk and women who worked intermittently had 5% reduced risk of physical limitations later in life. The negative association with intermittent workforce participation was stronger for women with substantively complex work (9% reduced risk) than for women with nonsubstantively complex work (2% reduced risk).

DISCUSSION:

Life course work patterns and characteristics may contribute to physical functioning later in life among women.

KEYWORDS:

epidemiology; life course; physical function; women’s employment

PMID:
30698490
DOI:
10.1177/0898264319826797

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center