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Avicenna J Med. 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):28-31. doi: 10.4103/ajm.AJM_104_18.

Primary central nervous system Hodgkin Lymphoma: A case discussion and a hypothesis on the etiology.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Kidney Surgical Hospital, Damascus, Syria.
2
Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.
3
Hematogenix Laboratory Services, Tinley Park, IL, USA.

Abstract

Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is a systemic disease with involvement of the cervical, supraclavicular, and mediastinal lymph nodes. It is commonly diagnosed in patients within the second and third decades of their lives. Diagnosis is usually made based on the distinct morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics, with the tissue biopsy being the cornerstone of workup. Extranodal presentation of HL is unusual and seldom encountered. Primary HL of the central nervous system (CNS) is exceedingly rare. We herein report a case of a 38-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with primary CNS-HL. The patient was treated with complete surgical resection followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The patient was disease-free for 7 years postoperatively without any clinical evidence of relapse. We also discussed a possible role of CNS regulatory T-cells (Tregs) in developmental primary CNS-HL.

KEYWORDS:

Central nervous system lymphoma; Hodgkin Lymphoma; T-regulatory cells; cerebellar tumor

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