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Avicenna J Med. 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):23-27. doi: 10.4103/ajm.AJM_94_18.

Predictive and prognostic value of 256-slice computed tomography angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery diseases.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraydah, Al-Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
3
College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Background:

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is commonly used to diagnose coronary artery diseases (CADs). We aimed to determine the utility of CCTA among patients suspected with CAD at the Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim.

Materials and Methods:

CCTA results of 425 cardiac patients, complaining of chest pain with suspected CAD, were used to classify coronary artery stenosis into two types: obstructive if the luminal stenosis was ≥50% or nonobstructive if it was <50%. Follow-ups were conducted through clinic or phone-based interviews to document any of the following endpoints: nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MIs) or cardiac deaths (CDs), representing the major cardiac events. All other cardiac cases, including hospitalization with unstable angina, and/or late coronary revascularization, were documented.

Results:

Patients with a normal coronary artery were 278 (65.5%). The number of patients with nonobstructive and obstructive diseases was 85 (20%) and 62 (14.5%), respectively. After 19.6 ± 7 months of follow-up, 21 cardiac events occurred in twenty patients: five major adverse events (two CDs and three nonfatal MIs), ten hospitalizations due to unstable angina, and six late coronary revascularizations. Furthermore, the cumulative all-cardiac-event rates in patients with normal coronary arteries, nonobstructive CAD, and obstructive CAD were 3 (1%), 7 (8.2%), and 11 (17.7%), respectively. However, patients with normal CCTA had no major cardiac events during the follow-up.

Conclusion:

CCTA can provide valuable prognostic information on patients with suspected CAD. Patients are likely to have excellent intermediate outcomes if the coronary arteries are confirmed to be normal by CCTA.

KEYWORDS:

Angiography; coronary artery; prognosis

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