Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2019 Jan/Feb;34(1):169-178. doi: 10.11607/jomi.6931.

Immediate Loading of Two Unsplinted Implants in Edentulous Patients with Mandibular Overdentures: A 10-year Retrospective Review of Patients from a Previously Conducted 1-year Cohort Study



This 10-year retrospective study aimed to report implant bone changes in completely edentulous patients after a mandibular immediate loading protocol using two ball attachments.


This study was initially designed as a prospective 1-year cohort study, then extended with a 10-year retrospective evaluation of implant bone change. In the first part of the study, 43 edentulous patients wearing satisfactory maxillary and mandibular dentures for at least 3 months were included. Two interforaminal implants (Brånemark system, Nobel Biocare) were placed symmetrically in the anterior mandible using a surgical template and a torque greater than 40 Ncm. Immediately following surgery, 2.25-mm-diameter ball abutments were screwed to the implants, and their matrices (Dalbo Plus, Cendres et Métaux) were incorporated in the denture base. In an initial 1-year study, clinical recalls were scheduled 3, 6, and 12 months after implant placement with a team of two investigators. The follow-up consisted of a clinical examination and a standardized radiographic assessment of the vertical bone change. Implant stability was then monitored. The patient satisfaction was evaluated with a questionnaire before and 3 months after loading. The second part of the study occurred 10 years after the inclusion, as patients were recalled for an implant bone change monitoring.


The included patients were 28 to 80 years of age (mean: 61 ± 11.4 years). Three out of 86 implants failed during the healing phase (survival rate of 96.5% [90.1%, 99.2%]). Implant stability was maintained all along the 1-year follow-up (Δ = 73.33, 95% CI [72.39 to 74.26], P = .032). The mean radiographic bone loss was 0.27 ± 0.35 mm at 3 months after surgery, 0.47 ± 0.42 mm after 1 year, and 0.95 ± 0.98 mm after 10 years. General visual analog scale satisfaction was increased by 25 units with the treatment. No patients were lost to follow-up at 1 year, but five were lost at 10 years.


This protocol of immediate loading of two unsplinted mandibular implants in overdenture patients using ball attachments is a clinically viable treatment with a high implant success rate and improved satisfaction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Quintessence Publishing Company
Loading ...
Support Center