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J Surg Res. 2019 May;237:3-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2018.11.042. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Preoperative Exercise Rehabilitation in Cardiac and Vascular Interventions.

Author information

1
Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2
Montreal General Hospital Medical Library, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
3
Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: heather.gill@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Exercise-based interventions have become part of the standard of care in rehabilitation programs for cardiovascular risk reduction and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. The systematic review describes the current state of knowledge of the effects of preoperative exercise training (prehabilitation) on perioperative clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac and vascular interventions.

METHODS:

Studies were systematically searched within 14 databases from inception to October 2016. Only studies that assessed a preoperative exercise program in adult patients undergoing cardiac or vascular interventions with clinical or patient-centered endpoints were included in the review. Two independent reviewers selected studies for inclusion, extracted data, and assessed quality using Cochrane Collaboration's tool for RCTs11111111111111111 and ROBINS-I tool for nonrandomized studies.

RESULTS:

Nine studies met our inclusion criteria and were stratified for qualitative analyses by cardiac (n = 7) and vascular (n = 2) procedures. Prehabilitation was associated with decreased length of stay, reduced postoperative complications, improved objective physical functioning, and improved subjective quality of life (SF-36 physical and mental health domains) measures in patients undergoing cardiac and vascular procedures. Given the amount of heterogeneity that was present in the designs, populations, and comparators among the included studies, we were unable to statistically pool data across trials.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our qualitative findings suggest that prehabilitation may improve clinical outcomes, physical performance, and health-related quality-of-life measures in patients undergoing cardiac and vascular surgery procedures.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular interventions; Exercise therapy; Prehabilitation

PMID:
30694788
DOI:
10.1016/j.jss.2018.11.042

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