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J Cell Physiol. 2019 Jan 28. doi: 10.1002/jcp.28180. [Epub ahead of print]

Suppression of OSCC malignancy by oral glands derived-PIP identified by iTRAQ combined with 2D LC-MS/MS.

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Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Key Lab of Oral Clinical Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
School of Stomatology, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
Xiangya School of Stomatology, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
Department of Research, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common malignancy in head and neck cancer and a global cause of cancer-related death. Due to the poor survival rates associated with OSCC, there is a growing need to develop novel technologies and predictive biomarkers to improve disease diagnosis. The identification of new cellular targets in OSCC tumors will benefit such developments. In this study, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based proteomics analysis combined with 2-dimensional liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS) were used to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between tumor and normal tissues. Of the DEPs detected, the most significantly downregulated protein in OSCC tissue was prolactin-inducible protein (PIP). Clonogenic and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) experiments showed that the proliferation capacity of OSCC cells overexpressing PIP decreased due to cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 checkpoint. Wound-healing and transwell assay further showed that PIP overexpression also reduced the migration and invasion of OSCC cells. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to analyze the expression in OSCC, indicating that PIP may be secreted by glandular cells and have an inhibitory effect on OSCC cells to produce. In western blot analysis, silencing studies confirmed that PIP mediates these effects through the AKT/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling axis in OSCC cells. Taken together, this study reveals PIP as a key mediator of OSCC cell growth, migration, and invasion through its effect on AKT/MAPK signaling.



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