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J Gastrointest Surg. 2019 Jan 28. doi: 10.1007/s11605-018-04091-y. [Epub ahead of print]

Enhanced Recovery Protocol for Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Are Narcotics Necessary?

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 231 Albert Sabin Way, ML 0558, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA. Richard.Hoehn@uc.edu.
2
Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 231 Albert Sabin Way, ML 0558, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have improved patient experience and outcomes in a variety of fields, including bariatric surgery. Given the increasing opioid epidemic in the USA, we sought to determine the impact of our own ERAS protocol on narcotic usage following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

METHODS:

Retrospective chart review was performed on patients undergoing primary laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for 6 months before and after implementation of an ERAS protocol. Our protocol strongly discouraged the use of narcotics in the postoperative period. Specific outcomes of interest were postoperative narcotic usage, length of stay, complications, and readmissions.

RESULTS:

Patient characteristics were similar in the two groups. ERAS implementation did not correlate with changes in length of stay, complications, or readmissions. However, ERAS implementation was associated with dramatic reductions in the use of intravenous narcotics (100% vs 47%, p < 0.01) and oral schedule 2 narcotics (56% vs 6%, p < 0.01), with an increase in the usage of tramadol (0% vs 36%, p < 0.01). After ERAS implementation, 52% of patients were managed without the use of schedule 2 narcotics (0% pre-ERAS, p < 0.01) and 33% received no narcotics of any kind (0% pre-ERAS, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Implementation of an ERAS protocol for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is associated with a dramatic reduction in the use of narcotics in the postoperative period. This has implementation for the usage of narcotics for laparoscopic surgery and potential elimination of narcotics for certain patients and procedures.

KEYWORDS:

Bariatric surgery; ERAS; Enhanced recovery after surgery; Minimally invasive surgery; Narcotic; Opioid; Sleeve gastrectomy

PMID:
30693426
DOI:
10.1007/s11605-018-04091-y

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